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An information processing technique developed by US
clinical psychologist Dr Allan Botkin allows people to access and overcome
grief and to communicate telepathically with departed souls on "the
Michael E. Tymn
Basically, there are two explanations for a revolutionary new form of
grief therapy discovered by Dr Allan Botkin, a clinical psychologist practising
in Libertyville, Illinois. Either the grieving patients are hallucinating
or they are in touch with "the dead".
called Induced After-Death Communication (IADC), results in patients seeing
and communicating with deceased loved ones and occasionally with deceased
IADC is an
offshoot of EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapy,
which was discovered in 1987 by Dr Francine Shapiro of California. As
explained on her website, Shapiro was walking in the park one day when
she realised that eye movements seemed to decrease the negative emotions
associated with her own distressing memories. Some experimentation resulted
in the development of the procedure she initially called Eye Movement
After the patient's emotional issues are fully analysed and a treatment
plan developed, the patient and therapist focus on distressing events
that apparently have led to the emotional disturbance. The patient is
instructed to focus on a particular image or negative thought while simultaneously
moving his or her eyes back and forth following the therapist's fingers,
which are moved about in the client's field of vision for 20 to 30 seconds
or longer. The patient is told to let the mind go blank and take note
of whatever thought, image or memory develops. The patient is then asked
to focus on a positive belief identified at the beginning of the session
and to focus further on the emotionally disturbing event. After several
sets of eye movements, patients generally report increased confidence
in the positive belief and elimination of the emotional disturbance.
In IADC therapy, the person who is grieving the death of someone is asked
to focus directly on the sadness during the eye movements. The typical
IADC involves the patient seeing a deceased person, and that deceased
person telling him or her that everything is okay and not to grieve. In
a number of cases, the deceased has related information previously unknown
to the patient. The therapy works with people of all beliefs, including
atheists and sceptics. The end result is that the majority of patients
overcome their grief.
is reasonably certain that the many patients who have benefited from the
therapy are not dreaming, imagining, fantasising or otherwise hallucinating,
but he prefers not to speculate as to whether patients are actually in
touch with the spirit world. Whatever the explanation, according to Botkin
it works at least 70 per cent of the time.
a psychologist who is primarily interested in healing people who suffer
so profoundly, I have taken the strategy not to engage in arguments about
beliefs," he says in explaining his position. "Believers and
sceptics have been waging this battle for some time. I believe that if
I take a side, and get placed in one camp, it will be more difficult for
me to get help to those who need it."
Moreover, Botkin points out that his neutral position allows the patient
to interpret the experience without being influenced by the therapist's
Even though Botkin discovered IADC in 1995, his employment as a staff
psychologist with the Department of Veteran Affairs until three years
ago prevented him from actively promoting it among his professional peers
and bringing it to the attention of the public. The accepted grief therapy
for many years has been to extinguish emotional ties with deceased loved
onesi.e., they are dead and gone, and so forget them. IADC therapy,
however, complements a slowly emerging approach with an opposite view:
one of developing healthy continuing bonds with the deceased. As that
approach flies in the face of materialistic sciencewhich has indoctrinated
us with the belief that life is simply a march toward annihilation and
nothingnessit is being ignored or resisted by many therapists.
"It's still very new, but it's starting to explode now," says
Botkin of IADC therapy.
He mentions that his book Induced
After-Death Communication, co-authored with R. Craig Hogan, PhD, was
released in 2005 and is in its second printing now, along with the fact
that television is beginning to show an interest. He had just completed
an HBO documentary at the time of his interview for this NEXUS article
and will be appearing on Good Morning America sometime soon.
After receiving his Doctor of Psychology degree from Baylor University
in 1983, Botkin went to work at a veterans' hospital in the Chicago area.
Over the next 20 years, he specialised in treating combat veterans from
World War II, the Korean War, Vietnam and Desert Storm who were suffering
from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a condition known until the
late 1970s as "shell shock" or "combat fatigue". The
condition arises from experiencing or witnessing the terrors and horrors
In many cases,
the effects are long-lasting. Sometimes the memories are buried in the
subconscious and detrimentally affect the personality years later in ways
that are not always clearly linked to the battlefield experiences.
For the first dozen or so years of his practice, Botkin was often frustrated
by limited results from "exposure therapy", which was then the
prevailing method of treatment. As Botkin explains it, the patients were
repeatedly exposed to reminders of their traumatic experiences in a safe,
supportive environment, in the hope that as a result their emotional responses
would decrease in intensity.
More positive results came after Botkin was trained in EMDR during the
early 1990s. Whereas it often took years to see changes in patients under
conventional psychotherapy, Botkin began to see dramatic changes in a
single session with EMDR. He found it especially effective in healing
According to Botkin, most grieving patients experience three basic emotions:
guilt, anger and sadness. He discovered that the guilt and anger served
only to protect the patient from the deep sadness, and so he began encouraging
patients to go directly to the core sadness, thereby bypassing the guilt
and anger. He also found that patients responded better when they closed
their eyes briefly after a set of eye movements. By addressing the sadness,
the guilt and anger disappeared.
with IADC therapy
Botkin accidentally discovered IADC during a session with a patient to
whom, for privacy purposes, he gives the pseudonym "Sam". While
a combat soldier in Vietnam, Sam had befriended a 10-year-old orphaned
Vietnamese girl named Le. In fact, he had decided to adopt Le and bring
her home. One day, while Sam and other soldiers were helping Le and other
orphaned children board a truck to take them to an orphanage, they came
under enemy attack. When Sam discovered Le's lifeless body in the mud
behind the truck, he was devastated and the grief remained with him right
up to that 1995 session with Botkin.
During the EMDR, Sam saw Le as a beautiful woman with long black hair
in a white gown, surrounded in a radiant light. Le spoke to him and thanked
him for taking care of her before her death. Sam was ecstatic. He was
convinced that he had just communicated with Le and that he had felt her
arms around him.
Initially, Botkin assumed that Sam had hallucinated; he was concerned
that Sam had compromised his ability to distinguish between reality and
fantasy. But after similar experiences reported by several other patients,
Botkin decided to experiment.
His first intentionally induced ADC was with a patient named Gary, whose
daughter, Julie, had died at age thirteen. Because she had been severely
oxygen deprived at birth, Julie had never developed mental abilities beyond
those of a six-month-old child. After suffering a heart attack and being
rushed to hospital, she was placed on life support. As she later showed
some signs of being able to breathe on her own, she was taken off the
respirator. She struggled to breathe, and died in Gary's arms.
"Tears rolled down Gary's cheeks as he told me his story," Botkin
recalls. "I explained my new procedure to him and asked him if he
wanted to give it a try. He said he was willing if I thought it might
help, but he was convinced it wouldn't work for him because he was an
atheist and didn't believe in such things."
After Botkin took him through the entire procedure, Gary closed his eyes.
"When he opened his eyes, he had a look of amazement," Botkin
continues the story. "He then said, 'I saw my daughter. She was playing
happily in a garden alive with rich and radiant bright colours. She looked
healthy and seemed to move around without the physical problems she had
when alive. She looked at me and I could feel her love for me.' We then
talked about his experience. Gary was convinced that his daughter was
still alive, although in a very different place."
But Gary's look of amazement then shifted to one of sadness. When Botkin
asked him what was wrong, Gary replied that he still felt sad because
he missed his daughter. Botkin then administered another set of eye movements
and asked him to keep that thought in mind. Gary closed his eyes and sat
quietly for a few moments. "When Gary opened his eyes, he was smiling,"
Botkin recounts. "He said, 'I was in the garden again and I could
see Julie looking at me. She said to me, "I'm still with you, Daddy".'"
Gary told Botkin that Julie couldn't talk when she was alive. He left
the session feeling happy and reconnected to his daughter.
A year later, Botkin contacted Gary, who informed him that he still felt
reconnected with his daughter. Gary's new belief was that "people
don't really die; they just take on a different form and live in a different
place, which is very beautiful".
A Vietnam veteran volunteered to tell of his experience with IADC for
this article, although he prefers to remain anonymous. We'll call him
"Mark". As a helicopter gunship pilot, Mark killed many people
during his 18 months in Vietnam, but the confrontation that bothered him
the most involved four boats filled with Vietnamese soldiers. Unmarked
and without flags, the boats had trespassed into a military canal. Mark
and the four other gunships under his command attacked the boats and "blew
them out of the water". He recalls seeing bodies flying through the
air. Two weeks later, he was informed that they were friendly troops.
"It stays in your mind and really weighs on you," Mark laments,
adding that he was shot down seven times and wounded twice.
In 2002, Mark sought treatment for PTSD at a veterans' hospital. When
the therapist explained the IADC procedure to him and asked him if he'd
like to try it, he was more than willing. After the eye movements were
administered, Mark focused on the boat mishap.
"What happened then is that I saw a formation of Vietnamese coming
at me," Mark relates, the memory still very vivid in his mind. "What
was interesting is that they were in a Russian formation, not a US formation.
Two of the commanders stepped forward and began talking to me in Vietnamese."
Mark didn't understand them until another eye movement was administered.
They continued speaking in Vietnamese, but Mark somehow telepathically
knew what they were saying. "They said that they understood that
I did what I had to do and they had no grudge against me, that they are
in a better place, and not to worry about it. Then they marched off. It
was really cool and a big load off my shoulders."
At another IADC session, Mark saw a woman holding his first son, who had
died as an infant in 1978. As his focus was on the boy, he didn't immediately
recognise the woman as his deceased mother.
In that session the child did not speak, but in subsequent sessions the
boy appeared again, first as a teenager and then as a young adult. "My
son says to me, 'Don't worry, Dad, I'm okay. I'm going to see you soon.'
I didn't know what to make of that, if I'm going to die soon or what,
but it was very soothing."
Mark also reviewed one of his helicopter crashes, including the pain and
the intensity of the pain. He struggles to explain the images. "The
quality and clarity of the images are much greater than in dreams. They
are absolutely three-dimensional and they stay with you.
You have to experience it to know what it's like. It's not like hypnotism.
It'll spook you, but it is really something. The main thing is that it
gives you closure, and life has more meaning after you have experienced
these things. There is a sense of continuity. It's very comforting."
Ivan Rupert, another veteran, was bothered for many years by a memory
of carnage in Vietnam. As a combat photographer, he was called upon early
one morning to take photos of a Vietnamese bus that had been blown up.
"There were bodies and body parts all over the place," he recalls,
"but the one that really stuck in my mind was that of a young pregnant
woman. You could see the baby and umbilical cord connecting them."
The scene came back to Rupert over and over again in his dreams for many
years until undergoing IADC therapy with Botkin. What especially bothered
him was that at the time he was more intent on getting some good photos
than feeling bad about what he was witnessing. During the IADC, the Vietnamese
woman communicated with him. "She told me she was in a much better
place and helped me understand that I was not the monster I thought I
was. She said she didn't blame me for any of it." Rupert can't say
for sure whether the woman spoke in Vietnamese or in English. "It
was sort of mind to mind, heart to heart," he explains, adding that
he no longer has awful dreams relating to that scene.
There is no doubt in Rupert's mind that he was actually communicating
with the Vietnamese woman. "I was very sceptical when it was initially
explained to me," he says. "It sounded like a lot of mumbo-jumbo,
hocus-pocus, but it was the real thing. I'm certain that I was not hallucinating
and I was not hypnotised. I wish the VA [Veterans Administration] would
get on board with this and offer it. It would give a lot of peace to many
from other IADC therapists
Since entering private practice, Botkin has been teaching the IADC technique
to other therapists. One of them, Laura Winds, from Bellingham, Washington,
says she has seen dramatic changes in patients undergoing IADC. "What's
really affirming to me is the sense of peace they leave with," she
offers. Recalling an IADC in which a client saw her deceased husband,
who had committed suicide by shooting himself, she recounts the client's
reaction: "Weird! Weird! Jim is standing there, standing in the doorway."
Jim went on to tell his widow that she should not grieve.
Another patient, whose two-year-old son had been murdered by her boyfriend,
saw her son during the IADC and was able to overcome much of her grief.
Prior to the IADC session, the woman was very sceptical about an afterlife,
but she is now certain that there is one and that some day she will see
her son again.
Winds estimates that she has used IADC therapy with 20 to 25 clients,
and all but three have experienced full or partial healing. "You
can really feel the sense of love and peace that comes with the healing,"
Dr Kathy Parker, a therapist from Roselle, Illinois, estimates she has
used IADC therapy on 50 to 60 patients, with about an 80 per cent success
rate. One of the most dramatic sessions involved a woman who had been
a government official in an African country and had witnessed her aunt
step on a land mine, with body parts flying in all directions. The aunt
appeared in the IADC, smiling and telling her niece that she will always
be with her. "It's absolutely amazing the level of healing that comes
with it," says Parker. "There's a real mystery about it, but
it seems very real to me and it seems real to my patients."
Hania Stromberg, a therapist from Albuquerque, New Mexico, has conducted
around 30 IADC sessions, and only three of these she would consider as
failures. "They didn't really want to apply themselves," she
explains. "I guess their fears got in the way, even though they made
the initial decision to give it a try."
Stromberg laments the fact that many grieving people are not availing
themselves of this dynamic therapy. "There are many people I know
for whom it would be so appropriate, and I would imagine they would jump
at it, but they don't. Mainstream thought is just not really open to it.
In general, people do not believe that the dead are still around and have
an impact on us. I have attempted to interest some of my therapist friends,
but I get only silence from them when I bring it up. The scientific mind
is very closed when it comes to this type of thing."
Stromberg apparently has clairvoyant and clairaudient abilities, and so
she has been able to share in some of the experiences. In one such shared
experience, a client was grieving the death of her mother and felt much
guilt about not having fulfilled certain obligations. As she was administering
the eye movement, Stromberg felt a "presence" entering the room
and then saw a woman in colourful dress and high heels. The woman, the
client's deceased mother, addressed the client by a special name of endearment
and began discussing problems the client was having. After the session,
Stromberg compared her notes with what the client related and all the
details matched: the colourful dress, the high heels, the special term
of endearment, the subject of the conversation.
Stromberg has never thought of herself as having any mediumistic gifts
and had never been particularly interested in such things prior to these
shared experiences. "I am very sensitive in that way, but I have
always shied away from people who have such experiences," she says.
"It never really appealed to me."
When there is very personal information coming through to the client,
Stromberg does not hear it. "I am not privy to that and I do not
pick up on it." Like Botkin, Stromberg takes a neutral position relative
to what is happening, leaving it up to the client's interpretation.
are not hallucinations
Botkin states that the EMDR/IADC process does not involve hypnosis. "Hypnosis
induces the patient into a relaxed and focused state of mind," he
explains. "EMDR, on the other hand, increases information processing
in the brain." He likens it to a movie projector, with the projector
slowing down during hypnosis and speeding up during EMDR.
He also discounts the claim that IADCs are hallucinations. "The most
compelling evidence is that all people who have had IADCs report them
to be very different from all other experiences," he explains. "Technically,
hallucinations are perceptions without corresponding sensory input, which
means that hallucinations are all in one's head and have nothing to do
with any reality that exists separate from us. Hallucinations generally
have a very negative content, vary considerably in content from person
to person, and are thought to be a symptom of a severe psychological disorder.
It is clear, however, that IADC content is uniformly positive, very consistent
in content from person to person, and very healing psychologically."
In addition, having shared experiencesas Stromberg has had with
her patientworks against the hallucination theory, Botkin adds.
He also mentions that scientifically controlled studies of IADC are underway
at the University of North Texas, and he is optimistic that they will
confirm the several thousand clinical observations made by himself and
other IADC-trained therapists.
"I feel I have a moral duty to bring it to the world," Botkin
says. "My primary job at this point is to get help to those people
who need it, such as combat veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan
and survivors of disasters."
If the IADC is what most patients and therapists believe it to be, Botkin
may very well have made the greatest discovery of the past century, perhaps
E. Tymn is the author of Induced
Happens After Death?